Descriptive Essay on Child Marriage As A Social Evil


Child marriage is a deeply ingrained social evil that has persisted across various cultures and regions for centuries. It refers to the union of a child, typically under the age of 18, in wedlock, often against their will and without their consent. This practice has detrimental consequences for the physical, emotional, and psychological well-being of children, particularly girls. This essay explores the various aspects of child marriage, its root causes, and its impact on society.

Root Causes of Child Marriage

Child marriage is a complex issue with numerous underlying causes. Some of the key factors contributing to this social evil include:

  1. Tradition and Culture: In many societies, child marriage is deeply rooted in tradition and culture. It is often seen as a way to preserve family honor, protect girls from perceived threats, or maintain social norms.
  2. Poverty: Economic hardship is a significant driver of child marriage. Families in poverty may view marrying off their daughters at a young age as a way to reduce their financial burden and secure dowries or bride prices.
  3. Gender Inequality: Discrimination against girls and women perpetuates child marriage. In patriarchal societies, girls may be seen as economic liabilities, leading families to marry them off early to alleviate their responsibilities.
  4. Lack of Education: Limited access to education, especially for girls, contributes to child marriage. When girls are denied the opportunity to learn and develop skills, their prospects for a better future diminish, making them more vulnerable to early marriage.

Impact on Children

Child marriage has far-reaching negative consequences for the children involved:

  1. Health Risks: Young girls who become brides at an early age often face serious health risks due to early pregnancies. Their bodies are not fully developed, increasing the likelihood of complications during childbirth and endangering the health of both mother and child.
  2. Limited Education: Child brides are typically forced to drop out of school, denying them the opportunity for personal growth and economic independence.
  3. Psychological Trauma: Early marriage can lead to emotional and psychological trauma, as children are thrust into adult responsibilities and relationships for which they are unprepared.
  4. Gender-Based Violence: Child brides are more susceptible to physical and emotional abuse from their spouses and in-laws.
  5. Reduced Economic Opportunities: Early marriage often condemns girls to a life of economic dependence, limiting their opportunities for self-sufficiency and personal development.

Impact on Society

Child marriage is not only harmful to the individuals involved but also has negative consequences for society as a whole:

  1. Reinforces Gender Inequality: Child marriage perpetuates gender inequality by reinforcing traditional gender roles and limiting girls’ autonomy and agency.
  2. Hindrance to Development: When a significant portion of the population is denied access to education and economic opportunities due to child marriage, it hinders a society’s overall development and progress.
  3. Health and Economic Burden: The health complications arising from early pregnancies and the economic dependence of child brides can strain healthcare systems and social welfare resources.
  4. Generational Cycle: Child marriage often perpetuates itself through generations, as children of child brides are more likely to experience the same fate.


Child marriage is a deeply entrenched social evil with devastating consequences for children and society as a whole. To eradicate this practice, concerted efforts are needed at the individual, community, and governmental levels. These efforts should focus on raising awareness, promoting gender equality, improving access to education, and enforcing laws that prohibit child marriage. Only through a comprehensive approach can we hope to eliminate child marriage and provide a brighter future for all children.